In mild cases conservative management may be adequate with lubricant eye drops. As redness, irritation and blurred vision become more frequent, surgery may be considered.
Exposure to sunlight or UV radiation is the most common cause of these growths. Other risk factors include wind exposure such as sailors and surfers, pollution, smoke and dust. Typically it is a combination of factors with sun exposure the predominant risk factor.
A pterygium requires surgical excision from the surface of the cornea and the sclera, which is the white of the eye. There are multiple ways to perform the surgery. However to decrease the recurrence rate of a pterygium, a conjucntival autograft or amniotic membrane must be used. This tissue is glued into place for optimum healing and results. With this modern technique of pterygium surgery, recurrence of the pterygium is rare.
Wear UV blocking sunglasses at all times when outdoors and in sunny conditions. This will prevent the UV light from coming in contact with the conjunctiva and prevent the abnormal growth from developing. Wearing a hat which offers enough courage with also be sufficient.